The 10 Smallest Islands on Earth

Which islands in the vastness of the world’s oceans are the 10 smallest islands on earth? The tiniest islands are nameless, uninhabited land masses and probably no one has ever counted or measured them all. The journey to the 10 smallest islands in the world, which are inhabited by people or which promise a unique vacation, leads around the world to dream islands and secluded islets.

Paradise islands

If you are looking for small and tiny islands, you rightly think of the Maldives in the Indian Ocean, which consists of around 1,200 large and small islands. At just 70 x 200 meters, Vadoo is one of the smallest of the region rich in tiny islands. Bright white sand, palm and a beautiful lagoon with turquoise water make Vadoo to an island paradise as a picture book. One of the smallest islands in the Pacific Ocean is Palmerston, a remote atoll in the southern part of the Cook Islands that has a total of only 2.1 square kilometers of land. The only inhabited island in the atoll is no larger than 600 meters in diameter and has a habitat for around 50 people. The islanders are all descendants of the Englishman William Masters, who died in 1863.

Cayo Espanto, one of the more than 200 islands off Belize in the Caribbean Sea, can count itself among the 10 smallest islands in the world – made for unforgettable dream vacations. Cayo Espanto is part of the Pinkerton Islands and is only 320 x 560 meters. The small island offers a very exclusive resort with five bungalows for mostly celebrity guests. Further south-east, in front of Colombia near Cartagena, is the Isla Mucura, which is only around 10 hectares in size, and is a really tiny dream island with a bright beach, palm trees and an attractive, affordable resort.

Paradise islands

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European islands

Corvo in the Atlantic Ocean is the smallest inhabited island in the Azores and, at just 17 square kilometers, is a worthy contender for a place among the 10 smallest islands on earth. The green island, consisting of an extinct volcano, is home to around 425 inhabitants and over 1,000 cattle, has an airport and also some accommodation for tourists. Comino, with only 3 square kilometers, 4 inhabitants and a hotel, a very small island in the Mediterranean Sea, is well equipped for expeditions beyond the tourist crowds and is applying for a place among the 10 smallest islands in the world. Comino is located between the islands of Gozo and Malta and got its name from the Maltese word for caraway, which was grown there in the Middle Ages.

With a size of only 11 hectares, the Danish Ox Island in the Flensburg Fjord is probably the smallest inhabited island in the Baltic Sea. Only three people live there and the islet offers a good anchorage for pleasure craft. The Hallig Süderoog in the Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park is the smallest inhabited island in the North Sea. The heart-shaped Hallig is inhabited by only two people all year round and is only 62 hectares in size. It may only be entered during guided tours and is a popular place to celebrate weddings.

The smallest inhabited island of the Scilly Islands, a British archipelago southwest of “Land’s End”, is a patch of land called Bryher. With 1.22 square kilometers, Bryher is also a suitable candidate for a place among the 10 smallest islands on earth. The small island is currently inhabited by 83 people, has a hotel and several holiday apartments and, thanks to the Gulf Stream, has a surprisingly sunny and quite mild climate. The smallest island in the world – as the Guinness Book of Records says – is just a rock, built on with a lighthouse: the “Bishop Rock”. It shows the entrance to the English Channel near the Isles of Scilly.

Geography of all continents


Sources: All Countries in the World and Their Capitals

State Continent Capital Area Population
Russia Asia , Europe Moscow 17,098,200 km2 143,700,000
Canada North America Ottawa 9,970,610 km2 35,295,770
China Asia Peking 9,640,820 km2 1,363,350,000
USA North America Washington, DC 9,629,090 km2 317,706,000
Brazil South America Brasília 8,514,880 km2 201 032 714
Australia Australia and Oceania Canberra 7,741,220 km2 23,414,552
India Asia Delhi 3,287,260 km2 1,241,610,000
Argentina South America Buenos Aires 2,780,400 km2 41,660,096
Kazakhstan Asia Astana 2,724,900 km2 17,186,000
Sudan Africa Khartoum 2,505,810 km2 37,964,000
Algeria Africa Algiers 2,381,740 km2 38,700,000
Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa Kinshasa 2,344,860 km2 67,514,000
Saudi Arabia Asia Riyadh 2,149,690 km2 29,994,272
Mexico North America Mexico City 1,958,200 km2 119,713,203
Indonesia Asia , Australia and Oceania Jakarta 1,904,570 km2 249,866,000
Libya Africa Tripoli 1,759,540 km2 6,202,000
Iran Asia Tehran 1,648,200 km2 77,288,000
Mongolia Asia Ulaanbaatar 1,564,120 km2 2,931,300
Peru South America Lima 1,285,220 km2 30,475,144
CAD Africa N’Djamena 1,284,000 km2 12,825,000
Niger Africa Niamey 1,267,000 km2 17,129,076
Angola Africa Luanda 1,246,700 km2 20,609,294
They had Africa Bamako 1,240,190 km2 15,302,000
South Africa – JAR Africa Pretoria 1,221,040 km2 52,981,991
Colombia South America Bogota 1,138,910 km2 47,506,000
Ethiopia Africa Addis Ababa 1,104,300 km2 86,613,986
Bolivia South America La Paz 1,098,580 km2 10,027,254
Mauritania Africa Nouakchott 1,025,520 km2 3,461,041
Egypt Africa , Asia Cairo 980,869 km2 86,127,000
Tanzania Africa At home 945,087 km2 44,928,923
Nigeria Africa Abuja 923,768 km2 173,615,000
Venezuela South America Caracas 912,050 km2 28,946,101
Namibia Africa Windhoek 824,292 km2 2,113,077
Mozambique Africa Maputo 801,590 km2 23,700,715
Pakistan Asia Islamabad 796,095 km2 185,914,000
Turkey Asia , Europe Ankara 783,562 km2 76,667,864
Chile South America Santiago de Chile 756,096 km2 16,341,929
Zambia Africa Lusaka 752,618 km2 14,580,290
Burma (Myanmar) Asia Naypyidaw 676,578 km2 53,259,000
Afghanistan Asia Kabul 652,090 km2 25,500,100
South Sudan Africa Dzuba 644,329 km2 10,625,176
Somalia Africa Mogadishu 637,657 km2 10,496,000
Central African Republic Africa Bangui 622,984 km2 4,616,000
Ukraine Europe Kyiv 603,700 km2 45,426,200
Madagascar Africa Antananarivo 587,041 km2 21,263,403
Botswana Africa Gaborone 581,730 km2 2,024,904
Kenya Africa Nairobi 580,367 km2 44,354,000
France Europe Paris 551,500 km2 65,844,000
Yemen Asia San’a 527,968 km2 25,235,000
Thailand Asia Bangkok (Krung Thep) 513,115 km2 65,926,261
Spain Europe Madrid 505,992 km2 46,609,700
Turkmenistan Asia Ashgabat 488,100 km2 5,240,000
Cameroon Africa Yaoundé 475,442 km2 20,386,799
Papua New Guinea Australia and Oceania Port Moresby 462,840 km2 7,398,500
Sweden Europe Stockholm 449,964 km2 9,651,531
Uzbekistan Asia Tashkent 447,400 km2 30,183,400
Morocco Africa Rebate 446,550 km2 33,202,300
Iraq Asia Baghdad 438,317 km2 34,035,000
Paraguay South America Asunción 406,752 km2 6,783,374
Zimbabwe Africa Harare 390,757 km2 12,973,808
Norway Europe Oslo 385,155 km2 5,109,056
Japan Asia Tokyo 377,873 km2 127,180,000
Germany Europe Berlin 357,022 km2 80,619,000
Congo Africa Brazzaville 342,000 km2 4,448,000
Finland Europe Helsinki 338,145 km2 5,452,821
Vietnam Asia Hanoi 331,689 km2 89,708,900
Malaysia Asia Kuala Lumpur 329,847 km2 30,041,000
Ivory Coast Africa Yamoussoukro 322,463 km2 23,202,000
Poland Europe Warsaw 312,685 km2 38,502,396
Oman Asia Maskat 309,500 km2 3,957,000
Italy Europe Rome 301,318 km2 59,943,933
Philippines Asia Manila 300,000 km2 99,275,100
Ecuador South America Quito 283,561 km2 15,699,200
Burkina Africa Ouagadougou 274,000 km2 17,322,796
New Zealand Australia and Oceania Wellington 270,534 km2 4,518,330
Gabon Africa Libreville 267,668 km2 1,672,000
Western Sahara Africa Laayoune 266,000 km2 567,000
Guinea Africa Conakry 245,857 km2 10,824,200
Great Britain Europe London 242,900 km2 63,705,000
Uganda Africa Kampala 241,038 km2 35,357,000
Ghana Africa Accra 238,533 km2 24,658,823
Romania Europe Bucharest 238,391 km2 20,121,641
Laos Asia Vientiane 236,800 km2 6,580,800
Guyana South America Georgetown 214,969 km2 784,894
Belarus Europe Minsk 207,600 km2 9,468,100
Kyrgyzstan Asia Bishkek 199,900 km2 5,663,133
Senegal Africa Dakar 196,722 km2 13,567,338
Syria Asia Damascus 185,180 km2 21,898,000
Cambodia Asia Phnom Penh 181,035 km2 15,135,000
Uruguay South America Montevideo 175,016 km2 3,286,314
Suriname South America Paramaribo 163,820 km2 534 189
Tunisia Africa Tunis 163,610 km2 10,886,500
Nepal Asia Kathmandu 147,181 km2 26,494,504
Bangladesh Asia Dhaka 143,998 km2 152,518,015
Tajikistan Asia Dushanbe 143,100 km2 8,160,000
Greece Europe Athens 131,957 km2 10,815,197
Nicaragua North America Managua 130,000 km2 6,071,045
North Korea Asia Pyongyang 120,538 km2 24,895,000
Malawi Africa Lilongwe 118,484 km2 16,363,000
Eritrea Africa Asmara 117,600 km2 6,333,000
Benin Africa Porto Novo 112,622 km2 10,323,000
Honduras North America Tegucigalpa 112,088 km2 8,555,072
Liberia Africa Monrovia 111,369 km2 4,294,000
Bulgaria Europe Sofia 110,912 km2 7,282,041
Cuba North America Havana 110,861 km2 11,167,325
Guatemala North America Guatemala 108,889 km2 15,806,675
Iceland Europe Reykjavík 103,000 km2 325,671
South Korea Asia Seoul 99,538 km2 50,219,669
Hungary Europe Budapest 93,032 km2 9,906,000
Portugal Europe Lisbon 91,982 km2 10,487,289
Jordan Asia Amman 89,342 km2 6,558,900
Azerbaijan Asia Baku 86,600 km2 9,477,100
Austria Europe Vienna 83,858 km2 8,504,850
United Arab Emirates Asia Abu Dhabi 83,600 km2 8,264,070
Czechia Europe Prague 78,866 km2 10,513,800
Serbia Europe Belgrade 77,474 km2 7,181,505
Panama North America City of Panama 75,517 km2 3,405,813
Sierra Leone Africa Freetown 71,740 km2 6,190,280
Ireland Europe Dublin 70,273 km2 4,593,100
Georgia Asia Tbilisi 69,700 km2 4,483,800
Sri Lanka Asia Colombo 65,610 km2 20,277,597
Lithuania Europe Vilnius 65,300 km2 2,941,953
Latvia Europe Riga 64,600 km2 2,003,900
Togo Africa Broken 56,785 km2 6,191,155
Croatia Europe Zagreb 56,538 km2 4,290,612
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe Sarajevo 51,197 km2 3,791,622
Costa Rica North America San Jose 51,100 km2 4,667,096
Slovakia Europe Bratislava 49,033 km2 5,415,949
Dominican republic North America Santo Domingo 48,671 km2 9,445,281
Bhutan Asia Thimphu 47,000 km2 745,200
Estonia Europe Tallinn 45,100 km2 1,311,870
Denmark Europe Copenhagen 43,094 km2 5,627,235
Netherlands Europe Amsterdam 41,528 km2 16,842,200
Switzerland Europe Bern 41,284 km2 8,112,200
Taiwan Asia Taipei 36,188 km2 23,379,129
Guinea-Bissau Africa Bissau 36,125 km2 1,704,000
Moldova Europe Chisinau 33,851 km2 3,559,500
Belgium Europe Brussels 32,545 km2 11,132,269
Lesotho Africa Masseur 30,355 km2 2,074,000
Armenia Asia Yerevan 29,800 km2 3,017,400
Solomon Islands Australia and Oceania Honiara 28,896 km2 581 344
Albania Europe Tirana 28,748 km2 2,821,977
Equatorial Guinea Africa Malabo 28,051 km2 736,296
Burundi Africa Bujumbura 27,834 km2 10,163,000
Haiti North America Port-au-Prince 27,750 km2 10,413,211
Rwanda Africa Kigali 26,338 km2 10,537,222
Macedonia Europe Skopje 25,713 km2 2,062,294
Djibouti Africa Djibouti 23,200 km2 873,000
Belize North America Belmopan 22,966 km2 349,728
Israel Asia Jerusalem 22,145 km2 8,146,300
El Salvador North America San Salvador 21,041 km2 6,340,000
Slovenia Europe Ljubljana 20,256 km2 2,061,963
Fiji Australia and Oceania Suva 18,274 km2 858,038
Kuwait Asia Kuwait 17,818 km2 3,065,850
Swaziland Africa Mbabane 17,364 km2 1,250,000
East Timor Asia , Australia and Oceania Dili 14,874 km2 1,066,409
Bahamas North America Nassau 13,878 km2 351 461
Montenegro Europe Podgorica 13,812 km2 620,029
Vanuatu Australia and Oceania Port Vila 12,189 km2 264,652
Gambia Africa Banjul 11,295 km2 1,849,000
Catarrh Asia Doha 11,000 km2 2,045,239
Jamaica North America Kingston 10,991 km2 2,711,476
Kosovo Europe Pristina 10,887 km2 1,815,606
Lebanon Asia Beirut 10,400 km2 4,822,000
Cyprus Asia Nicosia 9,251 km2 865,878
Brunei Asia Bandar Seri Begawan 5,765 km2 393 162
Trinidad and Tobago South America , North America Port of Spain 5,130 km2 1,328,019
Cape Verde Africa Beach 4,033 km2 491,875
Samoa Australia and Oceania Appia 2,831 km2 187,820
Luxembourg Europe Luxembourg 2,586 km2 537,000
Chambers Africa Morons 2,235 km2 743,798
Mauritius Africa Port Louis 2,040 km2 1,257,900
Saint Thomas Africa Sao Tome 964 km2 187,356
Dominica North America Roseau 751 km2 71,293
Tonga Australia and Oceania Nuku’alofa 747 km2 103,036
Kiribati Australia and Oceania Tarawa 726 km2 106,461
Micronesia Australia and Oceania Palikir 702 km2 101,351
Bahrain Asia Manama 694 km2 1,234,571
Singapore Asia Singapore 683 km2 5,399,200
Saint Lucia North America Castries 539 km2 180,000
Andorra Europe Andorra la Vella 468 km2 76,098
Palau Australia and Oceania Ngerulmud 459 km2 20,901
Seychelles Africa Victoria 455 km2 90,945
Antigua and Barbuda North America Saint John’s 442 km2 86,295
Barbados North America Bridgetown 430 km2 285,000
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines North America Kingstown 388 km2 109,000
Grenada North America Saint George’s 344 km2 103,328
Malta Europe Valletta 316 km2 416,055
Maldives Asia Small 298 km2 317,280
Saint Christopher North America Basseterre 261 km2 54,000
Niue Australia and Oceania Aloof 260 km2 1,611
cooks Islands Australia and Oceania Avarua 240 km2 14,974
Marshall Islands Australia and Oceania Majuro 181 km2 56,086
Lichtenstein Europe Vaduz 160 km2 37 132
San Marino Europe San Marino 61 km2 33,540
Tuvalu Australia and Oceania Funafuti 26 km2 11,323
Nauru Australia and Oceania Yaren 21 km2 9,945
Monaco Europe Monaco 2 km2 36 136
Vatican Europe Vatican 0.44 km2 839


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