Romania is a country located in Europe with name that begins with letter R. Diverse landscapes and a diverse animal world, where bears and wolves are still at home, are among the main attractions of the Eastern European state of Romania.
With 238,391 km² Romania is the ninth largest country in the EU. The capital Bucharest is the sixth largest city in the EU with 1.9 million residents. Over 20 million people live in Romania, almost 90% are Romanians; With around 1.2 million people, the Hungarians make up the largest minority in the country, followed by the Roma. The proportion of the German-speaking population who have lived in Romania since the 12th century and who, together with the Hungarians, have decisively shaped the cultural area of Transylvania, has decreased significantly in the last few decades. Conversely, due to the poor economic situation in Romania, a large number of Romanians live abroad – preferably in Italy and Spain due to the lower language barriers. As an Eastern Roman language, the Romanian language is based on Latin. Check Countryaah to find more countries that begin with letter R.
Citizens of other EU countries and Switzerland need a valid passport to enter the EU country Romania.
The climate of Romania – like the topography – is divided into three parts: Transylvania and the parts of the country east of the Carpathian Arc are still under the influence of the Atlantic climate; In the north of the country, continental winds from Ukraine mean hot summers and cold winters; the plains of Wallachia and the Black Sea coast, however, are dominated by the Mediterranean Black Sea climate.
Food and drink
The polenta is called Mămăligă in Romanian and is an integral part of the hearty, spicy shepherd’s cuisine in Romania, in which Slavic, Hungarian and southern Balkan traditions meet. The cabbage wraps Sarmale are also a poem. A plum schnapps, which is called Țuică (spoken: Zuika) in Romania and is the national drink, helps digestion.
No special vaccinations are required for Romania. With outdated equipment, the Romanian health system sometimes falls well below Western European standards. Bringing a personal pharmacy with your own medicines is also strongly recommended due to the lack of medicines in the country.
In general, when traveling through Romania you will meet very friendly, helpful and humorous people. Since the end of communist rule, the Romanian Orthodox Church, to which 90% of Romanians profess, has experienced a remarkable renaissance, which is expressed in the construction and renovation of new churches throughout the country, but also in full church services. The Christian tradition, but also influences from the Orient, the Russian Hemisphere and Austria-Hungary shape the appearance of the cities and cultural landscapes of Romania. Outside the cities, folklore is very important to the various ethnic groups in Romania; however, the folklore around Dracula is only maintained for tourists.
In Romania the 0.0 alcohol limit applies in road traffic.
Climate and travel time
The climate of Romania is – like the topography – three parts: Transylvania and the parts of the country east of the Carpathian Arc are still under the influence of the Atlantic climate. In the north of the country, continental winds from Ukraine ensure hot summers and cold winters. The plains of Wallachia and the Black Sea coast, on the other hand, are dominated by the Mediterranean Black Sea climate.
All about money
The currency in Romania is the Romanian Leu (RON). 1 EUR corresponds to approximately 4.5 RON.
Almost all internationally known credit cards are accepted today. Although the number of places that accept credit cards as a means of payment is increasing, the cards are still not accepted everywhere. Credit cards are accepted by banks, larger hotels, restaurants, petrol stations and large stores.
Nevertheless, it is advisable to always have a small amount in the local currency with you in order not to end up without cash in an emergency. Money should only be exchanged in banks or exchange offices, never at money changers on the street. The exchange of money can take place within the banks, at all hotels from two stars, train stations, airports, large shopping centers, as well as at the exchange offices (a valid ID is required). We recommend the exchange offices that do not charge any commission. In hotels, restaurants and when taking a taxi, it is customary to tip 10%.
Other essential information
Romania is one hour ahead of Austria, Germany and Switzerland.
The electrical voltage in Romania is 220 volts. The sockets and plugs are two-pole as in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. You therefore do not need an adapter to use your electronic devices.