Caracas, Venezuela
Latin America

Political and Administrative Regions in Caracas, Venezuela

Metropolitan area

The city of Caracas occupies the entire Libertador Municipality of the Capital District and part of the Miranda State, specifically the Baruta, Chacao, El Hatillo and Sucre municipalities, which make up the Metropolitan District of Caracas, which enjoys legal personality and autonomy within the limits of the Constitution and the law.

According to Vaultedwatches, the Metropolitan Mayor is the first civil, political and administrative authority of the city of Caracas, just as the municipal Mayors are in each of the municipalities that comprise it. The Metropolitan District of Caracas is organized in a municipal government system at two levels: the metropolitan or district and the municipal.

Each of these public offices, both of the Mayor, the other municipal mayors, and both metropolitan and municipal councilors, are of popular, universal, direct and secret election, for a period of four years, and may be re-elected and revoked in the middle. of their terms by a simple majority of the electors.

The metropolitan level is made up of an executive body and a legislative body, whose jurisdiction includes the entire metropolitan area of Caracas. Its government, administration and coordination corresponds to the Mayor, today in the figure of the citizen Antonio Ledezma, elected in 2008 with more than 52% of the votes.

In the case of the four municipalities in the east of the city, the Mayor performs first-level municipal government and coordination functions, since the authority of these municipalities rests mainly with the Miranda State Government. In this way, the Metropolitan Mayor’s Office, according to the 1999 Constitution, seeks the harmonious growth and integral development of the city, without eliminating the Capital District, or sectioning off part of the Miranda State.

The legislative function of the city corresponds to the Metropolitan Council of Caracas, made up of Metropolitan Councilors.

Councilors Party / Alliance
Adolfo Padrón Democratic Action Party
Alexander Vivas COPEI
Alexander Nebreda PSUV
Andres Eloy Bello Justice First
Deyanira Briceño PSUV
Edinson ferrer Justice First
Freddy guevara A New Time
Gladis Castillo A New Time
Inmer Ruíz PSUV
Luis Velasquez A New Time
Marisela boada goyo PSUV
Maximum Sánchez Brandt Justice First
Richard Penalver PSUV

Capital district

In the case of the Libertador municipality of Caracas, the only member of the Capital District, the executive authority rests with the head of government of the Capital District, (from April of 2009 Jacqueline Faria) appointed by the President of the Republic.

According to Article 3 of the Capital District Law, the legislative function is exercised directly by the Republic through the National Assembly of Venezuela.

Before the creation of the Metropolitan District, the Federal District (current Capital District) had a Governor appointed by the President of the Republic, while the Caracas municipalities of the Miranda State governed with their respective mayors in isolation, without any coordinating entity.. In April 2009 the National Assembly of Venezuela reformed the Capital District Law, legalizing the constitution of a “head of Government” or “governor” for the Libertador municipality designated by the National Executive, which reduces powers and budget to the Mayor’s Office. The reform of the law was rejected by Mayor Antonio Ledezma and the opposition, which they branded as “illegal”, as a “political retaliation” and a “ignorance of the popular will”; For the ruling party, it is about filling a gap in the authority of the Capital District (which had no authority since 1999) and a legal and constitutional action in accordance with the provisions of article 156 of the constitution:


The Mayor’s Office has coordination powers over the five autonomous municipalities, governed in turn by the municipal mayors. In each municipality, the internal legislative power is exercised by each Municipal Council, with its respective powers in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and laws of the Republic.

  • Baruta: (312,354 residents) is the southernmost municipality of the city. Most of its population belongs to the middle class and upper class, with only 3% of informal settlements. Commerce is of great importance in the municipality, being the headquarters of different national and international companies, such as Procter & Gamble, which has its Latin American headquarters in Baruta. The gastronomy, entertainment and nightlife in commercial areas such as Las Mercedes, is also widely known in the city. Its current mayor is Gerardo Blyde, from the Un Nuevo Tiempo party.
  • Chacao: (71,393 residents) located north of the city, it is the smallest and densest municipality in the metropolitan area. It is the geographical center of the city and is considered one of the wealthiest municipalities in the country, where a large part of the ministries, private companies and national and foreign banks that operate in Venezuela It also houses most of the foreign diplomatic representations accredited in the nation, as well as the widest network of hotels and shopping centers in the city. Its population is predominantly upper-middle and upper class and it is the least poor municipality in the country. Its current mayor is the opposition leader Emilio Graterón.
  • El Hatillo: (68,510 residents) located in the extreme southeast, it is the least populated and dense municipality of the city. El Hatillo is a dormitory municipality and merely residential, so that a large part of its population works in the other municipalities of Caracas, most of its residents belong to the middle and upper strata of society. Commerce, tourism and even agriculture in its rural areas constitute the most important economic activities within the municipality. Its current mayor is Myriam Do Nascimento, from the Democratic Action party.
  • Libertador: (2,097,350 residents) occupies the entire west of the city, it is the most populated municipality in the country, the largest in the city and the only one belonging to the Capital District. Headquarters of the five public powers of the nation, as well as most of the ministries, official institutions and other agencies of the Venezuelan state. Commerce, and to a lesser extent industry, are of great importance to its economy, many of the country’s public and private companies also have their headquarters there. According to the Institute of Cultural Heritage, Libertador is the municipality with the highest concentration of heritage in the nation, it has important parks, museums, squares and historical areas. Most of its population is divided between the middle and lower-middle class, since in a vast portion of its surface marginal communities have historically formed, especially to its western and southern extremes. Its current mayor is Jorge Rodríguez, from the PSUV.
  • Sucre: (646,346 residents) is the easternmost municipality of the city. Commercial and industrial activities are the main source of its economy. Its population is predominantly middle and lower-middle class in some sectors, while others are popular neighborhoods such as Petare, Filas de Mariche and La Dolorita. In its jurisdiction is also the largest urban park in the city, Parque Miranda, popularly known as Parque del Este. Its current mayor is Carlos Ocaríz, from the Primero Justicia party.


In turn, each municipality is divided into parishes, the lowest assigned political-territorial rank, created in order to decentralize the municipal administration. The parishes are considered local demarcations created in order to decentralize the municipal administration and for the division of Civil Headquarters, which are equivalent to local courts in charge of the legal field. These localities do not have an administrative scope, and are in turn divided into neighborhoods and urbanizations. In Caracas there are 32 parishes, which are:

1. January 232. High grace

3. Antimanus

4. Candelaria

5. Cute

6. Cathedral

7. Caucagüita

8. Chacao

1. Car2. El Cafetal

3. The Junquito

4. The Paradise

5. Recess

6. Valley

7. Rows of Mariche

8. The Dolorita

1. Shepherdess2. The Vega

3. The Mines of Baruta

4. Leoncio Martinez

5. Macarao

6. Our Lady of the Rosary of Baruta

7. Petare

8. San Agustin

1. Saint Bernardine2. Saint Joseph

3. San Juan

4. Saint peter

5. Santa Rosalia

6. Santa Rosalía of Palermo

7. Santa Teresa

8. Sucre

Caracas, Venezuela