Caledonia County, Vermont
According to Countryaah, Caledonia County, Vermont is located in the northeastern region of the state and is bordered by four other counties. To the north lies Essex County, New York, to the east lies Orange County, Vermont, to the south lies Windsor County, Vermont and to the west lies Orleans County, Vermont. The county seat is St. Johnsbury and it has a total area of 1,084 square miles.
The landscape of Caledonia County is mostly rural with rolling hills and forests making up much of its terrain. The highest point in Caledonia County is Burke Mountain which stands at 3,267 feet above sea level. There are many rivers and streams that run through Caledonia including the Passumpsic River which flows from Lake Memphremagog in Quebec and empties into Connecticut River near St. Johnsbury.
The county is home to numerous state parks such as Kingdom Trails which offers over 100 miles of trails for mountain biking; Groton State Forest which features over 30 hiking trails; Waterbury Center State Park which has picnic areas and swimming spots; Coolidge State Park which offers camping sites as well as hiking trails; and Willoughby State Forest which has a beach on Lake Willoughby that’s popular among swimmers and sunbathers.
Caledonia County also boasts some historic sites such as St. Johnsbury Athenaeum – a library built in 1871 with a museum featuring art galleries; Old Stone House Museum – an 18th century building that was once an inn; Lyndon Institute – a private school founded in 1867; Danville Historical Society Museum – a collection of artifacts from days gone by; Hardwick Historical Society Museum – featuring artifacts from local farms and businesses;and Hazen’s Notch Campground – an outdoor recreation area with camping facilities located near Hazens Notch Trailhead for hiking trails in Vermont’s Northeast Kingdom.
Demographics of Caledonia County, Vermont
Caledonia County, Vermont is home to a population of 31,134 people. The median age in this county is 44.3 years old and the gender divide is fairly even with 50% male residents and 50% female residents. The racial demographics of Caledonia County show that 97.2% of the population is White, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 1.5% from two or more races.
The largest ancestry groups in Caledonia County are English (22%), French Canadian (17%), Irish (13%), German (9%), Scottish (6%), Dutch (4%), Italian (3%), Polish (2%) and Swedish (2%). The median household income for the county stands at $49,743 and 19.4% of the population lives below the poverty line.
The largest city in Caledonia County is St Johnsbury which has a population of 7,591 people while other notable cities include Lyndonville with 2,281 people; Danville with 1,731 people; Hardwick with 1,628 people; Barnet with 838 people; Peacham with 745 people; Walden with 681 people; Ryegate with 651 people; Groton with 596 people; Greensboro with 552 people and Cabot with 476 people.
The educational attainment in Caledonia County shows that 88% have attained high school education or higher while 23% have obtained a Bachelor’s degree or higher level of education. The unemployment rate stands at 3%.
Places of Interest in Caledonia County, Vermont
Caledonia County, Vermont is home to a variety of attractions for tourists and locals alike. The county is filled with natural beauty, historical sites, museums, and recreational activities.
The Fairbanks Museum & Planetarium is a popular attraction in St. Johnsbury that houses a variety of exhibits on natural history and science. It also features a planetarium with shows about astronomy and space exploration. The Catamount Arts Center located in St. Johnsbury offers an array of art galleries and performances for people to enjoy.
The Old Stone House Museum in Danville is an 18th century building that was once an inn and now serves as a museum showcasing artifacts from days gone by. The Lyndon Institute is another attraction in the county that was founded in 1867 as a private school but now serves as a museum with art galleries and educational programs for visitors to explore.
For those looking to spend some time outdoors, Hazen’s Notch Campground located near Hazens Notch Trailhead offers camping facilities and hiking trails through Vermont’s Northeast Kingdom. There are also numerous lakes throughout the county where visitors can go fishing or boating such as Lake Groton, Lake Willoughby, Crystal Lake, Island Pond, Joe’s Pond, and more.
Caledonia County has something for everyone – whether you’re looking to explore history or nature – there are plenty of attractions to keep you entertained.
Notable People of Caledonia County, Vermont
Caledonia County, Vermont has been home to many notable people throughout history. One of the most famous is the American Civil War General and U.S. Senator George J. Stannard who was born in St. Johnsbury in 1820. He served as a brigadier general in the Union Army during the war and was awarded several medals for his bravery and service including the Medal of Honor for leading his troops into battle at Gettysburg in 1863.
Another notable figure from Caledonia County is Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States who was born in Plymouth Notch in 1872. During his presidency he is credited with restoring public confidence after years of turmoil following World War I and overseeing a period of economic prosperity during the 1920s.
The poet Robert Frost also lived in Caledonia County for a time, residing in Ripton from 1920 to 1929 where he wrote many of his most famous works including “The Road Not Taken” and “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”.
Other prominent figures from Caledonia County include writer Laura Ingalls Wilder who wrote her Little House on the Prairie series while living near Danville; entertainer Phish frontman Trey Anastasio who grew up near Burlington; and environmentalist Winona LaDuke who worked with The White Earth Land Recovery Project to promote sustainable agriculture among Native Americans living on reservations throughout Minnesota and Wisconsin.